Because Aloe plants consist of 95% water, they are extremely frost tender. If they are grown outdoors in warm climates, they should be planted in full sun or very light shade. The soil should be moderately fertile and fast draining. Established plants will survive a drought quite well, but for best growth, water occasionally..
Unless you live in area with a very mild climate, it’s best to leave your Aloe plant in a pot and place it near a window that gets a lot of sun. You can move the pot outdoors during the summer months.
During the winter months, the plant will become somewhat dormant, and utilize very little moisture. During this period watering should be minimal. Allow the soil to become completely dry before giving the plant a cup or two of water. During the summer months, the soil should be completely soaked, but then be allowed to dry again before re-watering.
Aloes have a shallow, spreading root system, so they are happiest planted in a wide container rather than a deep one. Use a good commercial potting mix with extra perlite, granite grit, or coarse sand added – do not use the newer “water-management” soils. They hold too much moisture for an aloe. You may also use a packaged ‘cacti mix’ soil. Fertilize occasionally with a balanced fertilizer mixed at half-strength.
Aloes are propagated by removing the offsets which are produced around the base of mature plants, when they are a couple inches tall (or larger).